Environmental Risk and Pest Management - Spreadsheet 2

EEIL and EET calculations from formulated product data. These are based on subjective evaluations of risk and should not be interpreted as absolute indications of risk. Copyright Leon G. Higley 1996.

ECB First Generation - Early Whorl

Insecticide Application Cost Rate Unit Cost / Unit Cost / A Total Insecticide Cost Environmental Cost Total Cost Larvae / Plant V Larvae / Plant DI Larvae / Plant K Larvae / Plant EIL Larvae / Plant EEIL Larvae / Plant ET Larvae / Plant EET
Dipel 10G $3.80 5 lb $1.31 $6.55 $10.35 $2.25 $12.60 $2.35 6.875 0.5 1.28 1.56 1.02 1.25
Dyfonate II 20g $3.80 5 lb $2.17 $10.85 $14.65 $11.52 $26.17 $2.35 6.875 0.65 1.40 2.49 1.12 1.99
Lorsban 15G $3.80 5 lb $1.78 $8.90 $12.70 $9.44 $22.14 $2.35 6.875 0.65 1.21 2.11 0.97 1.69
Penncap-M $3.80 0.25 gal $21.99 $5.50 $9.30 $8.51 $17.81 $2.35 6.875 0.65 0.89 1.70 0.71 1.36
Pounce 1.5G $3.80 6.7 lb $1.16 $7.77 $11.57 $8.25 $19.82 $2.35 6.875 0.65 1.10 1.89 0.88 1.51

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ECB First Generation - Late Whorl

Insecticide Application Cost Rate Unit Cost / Unit Cost / A Total Insecticide Cost Environmental Cost Total Cost Larvae / Plant V Larvae / Plant DI Larvae / Plant K Larvae / Plant EIL Larvae / Plant EEIL Larvae / Plant ET Larvae / Plant EET
Dipel 10G $3.80 5 lb $1.31 $6.55 $10.35 $2.25 $12.60 $2.35 5.5 0.5 1.60 1.95 1.28 1.56
Dyfonate II 20g $3.80 5 lb $2.17 $10.85 $14.65 $11.52 $26.17 $2.35 5.5 0.65 1.74 3.12 1.40 2.49
Lorsban 15G $3.80 5 lb $1.78 $8.90 $12.70 $9.44 $22.14 $2.35 5.5 0.65 1.51 2.64 1.21 2.11
Penncap-M $3.80 0.25 gal $21.99 $5.50 $9.30 $8.51 $17.81 $2.35 5.5 0.65 1.11 2.12 0.89 1.70
Pounce 1.5G $3.80 6.7 lb $1.16 $7.77 $11.57 $8.25 $19.82 $2.35 5.5 0.65 1.38 2.36 1.10 1.89

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ECB Second Generation - Pretassel

Insecticide Application Cost Rate Unit Cost / Unit Cost / A Total Insecticide Cost Environmental Cost Total Cost Larvae / Plant V Larvae / Plant DI Larvae / Plant K Larvae / Plant EIL Larvae / Plant EEIL Larvae / Plant ET Larvae / Plant EET
Ambush 2EC $3.80 0.05 gal $111.84 $5.59 $9.39 $8.25 $17.64 $2.35 8.25 0.5 0.97 1.82 0.78 1.46
Asana XL .66EC $3.80 0.061 gal $127.78 $7.79 $11.59 $8.60 $20.19 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.20 2.08 0.96 1.67
Dipel 10G $3.80 10 lb $1.31 $13.10 $16.90 $2.25 $19.15 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.74 1.98 1.39 1.58
Dyfonate II 20g $3.80 5 lb $2.17 $10.85 $14.65 $11.52 $26.17 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.51 2.70 1.21 2.16
Furadan 4F $3.80 0.25 gal $59.78 $14.95 $18.75 $10.76 $29.51 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.93 3.04 1.55 2.43
Lorsban 4E $3.80 0.25 gal $45.56 $11.39 $15.19 $10.18 $25.37 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.57 2.62 1.25 2.09
Lorsban 15G $3.80 5 lb $1.78 $8.90 $12.70 $9.44 $22.14 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.31 2.28 1.05 1.83
Penncap-M $3.80 0.25 gal $21.99 $5.50 $9.30 $8.51 $17.81 $2.35 8.25 0.5 0.96 1.84 0.77 1.47
Pounce 1.5G $3.80 6.7 lb $1.16 $7.77 $11.57 $8.25 $19.82 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.19 2.04 0.96 1.64
Pounce 3.2EC $3.80 0.03125 gal $178.89 $5.59 $9.39 $8.25 $17.64 $2.35 8.25 0.5 0.97 1.82 0.77 1.46

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ECB Second Generation - Pollen Shedding

Insecticide Application Cost Rate Unit Cost / Unit Cost / A Total Insecticide Cost Environmental Cost Total Cost Larvae / PlantV Larvae / Plant DI Larvae / Plant K Larvae / Plant EIL Larvae / Plant EEIL Larvae / Plant ET Larvae / Plant EET
Ambush 2EC $3.80 0.05 gal $111.84 $5.59 $9.39 $8.25 $17.64 $2.35 5.5 0.5 1.45 2.73 1.16 2.18
Asana XL .66EC $3.80 0.061 gal $127.78 $7.79 $11.59 $8.60 $20.19 $2.35 5.5 0.5 1.79 3.12 1.44 2.50
Dipel 10G $3.80 10 lb $1.31 $13.10 $16.90 $2.25 $19.15 $2.35 5.5 0.5 2.62 2.96 2.09 2.37
Dyfonate II 20g $3.80 5 lb $2.17 $10.85 $14.65 $11.52 $26.17 $2.35 5.5 0.5 2.27 4.05 1.81 3.24
Furadan 4F $3.80 0.25 gal $59.78 $14.95 $18.75 $10.76 $29.51 $2.35 5.5 0.5 2.90 4.57 2.32 3.65
Lorsban 4E $3.80 0.25 gal $45.56 $11.39 $15.19 $10.18 $25.37 $2.35 5.5 0.5 2.35 3.93 1.88 3.14
Lorsban 15G $3.80 5 lb $1.78 $8.90 $12.70 $9.44 $22.14 $2.35 5.5 0.5 1.97 3.43 1.57 2.74
Penncap-M $3.80 0.25 gal $21.99 $5.50 $9.30 $8.51 $17.81 $2.35 5.5 0.5 1.44 2.76 1.15 2.20
Pounce 1.5G $3.80 6.7 lb $1.16 $7.77 $11.57 $8.25 $19.82 $2.35 5.5 0.5 1.79 3.07 1.43 2.45
Pounce 3.2EC $3.80 0.03125 gal $178.89 $5.59 $9.39 $8.25 $17.64 $2.35 5.5 0.5 1.45 2.73 1.16 2.18

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ECB Second Generation - Kernels Initiated

Insecticide Application Cost Rate Unit Cost / Unit Cost / A Total Insecticide Cost Environmental Cost Total Cost Larvae / PlantV Larvae / Plant DI Larvae / Plant K Larvae / Plant EIL Larvae / Plant EEIL Larvae / Plant ET Larvae / Plant EET
Ambush 2EC $3.80 0.05 gal $111.84 $5.59 $9.39 $8.25 $17.64 $2.35 3.75 0.5 2.13 4.00 1.71 3.20
Asana XL .66EC $3.80 0.061 gal $127.78 $7.79 $11.59 $8.60 $20.19 $2.35 3.75 0.5 2.63 4.58 2.11 3.67
Dipel 10G $3.80 10 lb $1.31 $13.10 $16.90 $2.25 $19.15 $2.35 3.75 0.5 3.84 4.35 3.07 3.48
Dyfonate II 20g $3.80 5 lb $2.17 $10.85 $14.65 $11.52 $26.17 $2.35 3.75 0.5 3.32 5.94 2.66 4.75
Furadan 4F $3.80 0.25 gal $59.78 $14.95 $18.75 $10.76 $29.51 $2.35 3.75 0.5 4.25 6.70 3.40 5.36
Lorsban 4E $3.80 0.25 gal $45.56 $11.39 $15.19 $10.18 $25.37 $2.35 3.75 0.5 3.45 5.76 2.76 4.61
Lorsban 15G $3.80 5 lb $1.78 $8.90 $12.70 $9.44 $22.14 $2.35 3.75 0.5 2.88 5.02 2.31 4.02
Penncap-M $3.80 0.25 gal $21.99 $5.50 $9.30 $8.51 $17.81 $2.35 3.75 0.5 2.11 4.04 1.69 3.23
Pounce 1.5G $3.80 6.7 lb $1.16 $7.77 $11.57 $8.25 $19.82 $2.35 3.75 0.5 2.63 4.50 2.10 3.60
Pounce 3.2EC $3.80 0.03125 gal $178.89 $5.59 $9.39 $8.25 $17.64 $2.35 3.75 0.5 2.13 4.00 1.70 3.20

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Bean leaf beetle on full pod (R5-R6) soybeans

Insecticide Application Cost Rate Unit Cost / Unit Cost / A Total Insecticide Cost Environmental Cost Total Cost BLB / row - ftV BLB / row - ft DI BLB / row - ft K BLB/row ft EIL BLB / row - ft EEIL BLB / row - ft ET BLB / row - ft EET
Ambush 2E $3.80 0.025 gal $111.84 $2.80 $6.60 $8.25 $14.85 $5.00 0.197 0.9 7.44 16.75 5.95 13.40
Asana XL .66EC $3.80 0.0375 gal $127.78 $4.79 $8.59 $8.60 $17.19 $5.00 0.197 0.9 9.69 19.39 7.75 15.51
Cygon 400 $3.80 0.125 gal $29.39 $3.67 $7.47 $8.53 $16.00 $5.00 0.197 0.9 8.43 18.05 6.74 14.44
Lannate 1.8L $3.80 0.125 gal $41.67 $5.21 $9.01 $11.14 $20.15 $5.00 0.197 0.9 10.16 22.73 8.13 18.18
Lorsban 4E $3.80 0.125 gal $45.56 $5.70 $9.50 $10.18 $19.68 $5.00 0.197 0.9 10.71 22.19 8.57 17.76
Orthene 75S $3.80 0.67 lb $11.00 $7.37 $11.17 6.14 $17.31 $5.00 0.197 0.9 12.60 19.53 10.08 15.62
Penncap-M $3.80 0.25 gal $21.99 $5.50 $9.30 $8.51 $17.81 $5.00 0.197 0.9 10.49 20.09 8.39 16.07
Pounce 3.2EC $3.80 0.015625 gal $178.89 $2.80 $6.60 $8.25 $14.85 $5.00 0.197 0.9 7.44 16.75 5.95 13.40
Sevin XLR+ $3.80 0.125 gal $24.31 $3.04 $6.84 $7.67 $14.51 $5.00 0.197 0.9 7.71 16.37 6.17 13.09

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Potato Leafhopper on Alfalfa: Based on Dry Wt. (Biomass) Losses

Insecticide Application Cost Rate Unit Cost / Unit Cost / A Total Insecticide Cost Environmental Cost Total Cost PLH / sq mV PLH / sq m DI PLH / sq m K PLH / sq m EIL PLH / sq m EEIL PLH / sq m ET PLH / sq m EET
Ambush 2E $3.80 0.025 gal $111.84 $2.80 $6.60 $8.25 $14.85 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 33.77 76.00 1.10 2.46
Cygon 400 $3.80 0.0625 gal $29.39 $1.84 $5.64 $8.53 $14.17 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 28.86 72.53 0.94 2.35
Dylox 80SP $3.80 0.07812 gal $7.65 $0.60 $4.40 $10.23 $14.63 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 22.51 74.89 0.73 2.43
Furadan 4F $3.80 0.125 gal $59.78 $7.47 $11.27 $10.76 $22.03 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 57.71 112.80 1.87 3.66
Lorsban 4E $3.80 0.125 gal $45.56 $5.70 $9.50 $10.18 $19.68 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 48.61 100.73 1.58 3.27
Penncap-M $3.80 0.25 gal $21.99 $5.50 $9.30 $8.51 $17.81 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 47.60 91.17 1.54 2.96
Pounce 3.2EC $3.80 0.015625 gal $178.89 $2.80 $6.60 $8.25 $14.85 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 33.76 76.00 1.10 2.46
Sevin XLR+ $3.80 0.25 gal $24.31 $6.08 $9.88 $7.67 $17.55 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 50.57 89.83 1.64 2.91

ECB First Generation - Early Whorl

Insecticide Application Cost Rate Unit Cost / Unit Cost / A Total Insecticide Cost Environmental Cost Total Cost Larvae / PlantV Larvae / Plant DI Larvae / Plant K Larvae / Plant EIL Larvae / Plant EEIL Larvae / Plant ET Larvae / Plant EET
Dipel 10G $5.00 5 lb $1.31 $6.55 $11.55 $2.25 $13.80 $2.35 6.875 0.5 1.43 1.71 1.14 1.37
Dyfonate II 20g $5.00 5 lb $2.17 $10.85 $15.85 $11.52 $27.37 $2.35 6.875 0.65 1.51 2.61 1.21 2.09
Lorsban 15G $5.00 5 lb $1.78 $8.90 $13.90 $9.44 $23.34 $2.35 6.875 0.65 1.32 2.22 1.06 1.78
Penncap-M $5.00 0.25 gal $21.99 $5.50 $10.50 $8.51 $19.01 $2.35 6.875 0.65 1.00 1.81 0.80 1.45
Pounce 1.5G $5.00 6.7 lb $1.16 $7.77 $12.77 $8.25 $21.02 $2.35 6.875 0.65 1.22 2.00 0.97 1.60

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ECB First Generation - Late Whorl

Insecticide Application Cost Rate Unit Cost / Unit Cost / A Total Insecticide Cost Environmental Cost Total Cost Larvae / PlantV Larvae / Plant DI Larvae / Plant K Larvae / Plant EIL Larvae / Plant EEIL Larvae / Plant ET Larvae / Plant EET
Dipel 10G $5.00 5 lb $1.31 $6.55 $11.55 $2.25 $13.80 $2.35 5.5 0.5 1.79 2.14 1.43 1.71
Dyfonate II 20g $5.00 5 lb $2.17 $10.85 $15.85 $11.52 $27.37 $2.35 5.5 0.65 1.89 3.26 1.51 2.61
Lorsban 15G $5.00 5 lb $1.78 $8.90 $13.90 $9.44 $23.34 $2.35 5.5 0.65 1.65 2.78 1.32 2.22
Penncap-M $5.00 0.25 gal $21.99 $5.50 $10.50 $8.51 $19.01 $2.35 5.5 0.65 1.25 2.26 1.00 1.81
Pounce 1.5G $5.00 6.7 lb $1.16 $7.77 $12.77 $8.25 $21.02 $2.35 5.5 0.65 1.52 2.50 1.22 2.00

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ECB Second Generation - Pretassel

Insecticide Application Cost Rate Unit Cost / Unit Cost / A Total Insecticide Cost Environmental Cost Total Cost Larvae / PlantV Larvae / Plant DI Larvae / Plant K Larvae / Plant EIL Larvae / Plant EEIL Larvae / Plant ET Larvae / Plant EET
Ambush 2EC $5.00 0.05 gal $111.84 $5.59 $10.59 $8.25 $18.84 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.09 1.94 0.87 1.55
Asana XL .66EC $5.00 0.061 gal $127.78 $7.79 $12.79 $8.60 $21.39 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.32 2.21 1.06 1.77
Dipel 10G $5.00 10 lb $1.31 $13.10 $18.10 $2.25 $20.35 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.87 2.10 1.49 1.68
Dyfonate II 20g $5.00 5 lb $2.17 $10.85 $15.85 $11.52 $27.37 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.64 2.82 1.31 2.26
Furadan 4F $5.00 0.25 gal $59.78 $14.95 $19.95 $10.76 $30.71 $2.35 8.25 0.5 2.06 3.17 1.65 2.53
Lorsban 4E $5.00 0.25 gal $45.56 $11.39 $16.39 $10.18 $26.57 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.69 2.74 1.35 2.19
Lorsban 15G $5.00 5 lb $1.78 $8.90 $13.90 $9.44 $23.34 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.43 2.41 1.15 1.93
Penncap-M $5.00 0.25 gal $21.99 $5.50 $10.50 $8.51 $19.01 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.08 1.96 0.87 1.57
Pounce 1.5G $5.00 6.7 lb $1.16 $7.77 $12.77 $8.25 $21.02 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.32 2.17 1.05 1.73
Pounce 3.2EC $5.00 0.03125 gal $178.89 $5.59 $10.59 $8.25 $18.84 $2.35 8.25 0.5 1.09 1.94 0.87 1.55

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ECB Second Generation - Pollen Shedding

Insecticide Application Cost Rate Unit Cost / Unit Cost / A Total Insecticide Cost Environmental Cost Total Cost Larvae / Plant V Larvae / Plant DI Larvae / Plant K Larvae / Plant EIL Larvae / Plant EEIL Larvae / Plant ET Larvae / Plant EET
Ambush 2EC $5.00 0.05 gal $111.84 $5.59 $10.59 $8.25 $18.84 $2.35 5.5 0.5 1.64 2.92 1.31 2.33
Asana XL .66EC $5.00 0.061 gal $127.78 $7.79 $12.79 $8.60 $21.39 $2.35 5.5 0.5 1.98 3.31 1.58 2.65
Dipel 10G $5.00 10 lb $1.31 $13.10 $18.10 $2.25 $20.35 $2.35 5.5 0.5 2.80 3.15 2.24 2.52
Dyfonate II 20g $5.00 5 lb $2.17 $10.85 $15.85 $11.52 $27.37 $2.35 5.5 0.5 2.45 4.24 1.96 3.39
Furadan 4F $5.00 0.25 gal $59.78 $14.95 $19.95 $10.76 $30.71 $2.35 5.5 0.5 3.09 4.75 2.47 3.80
Lorsban 4E $5.00 0.25 gal $45.56 $11.39 $16.39 $10.18 $26.57 $2.35 5.5 0.5 2.54 4.11 2.03 3.29
Lorsban 15G $5.00 5 lb $1.78 $8.90 $13.90 $9.44 $23.34 $2.35 5.5 0.5 2.15 3.61 1.72 2.89
Penncap-M $5.00 0.25 gal $21.99 $5.50 $10.50 $8.51 $19.01 $2.35 5.5 0.5 1.62 2.94 1.30 2.35
Pounce 1.5G $5.00 6.7 lb $1.16 $7.77 $12.77 $8.25 $21.02 $2.35 5.5 0.5 1.98 3.25 1.58 2.60
Pounce 3.2EC $5.00 0.03125 gal $178.89 $5.59 $10.59 $8.25 $18.84 $2.35 5.5 0.5 1.64 2.92 1.31 2.33

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ECB Second Generation - Kernels Initiated

Insecticide Application Cost Rate Unit Cost / Unit Cost / A Total Insecticide Cost Environmental Cost Total Cost Larvae / PlantV Larvae / Plant DI Larvae / Plant K Larvae / Plant EIL Larvae / Plant EEIL Larvae / Plant ET Larvae / Plant EET
Ambush 2EC $5.00 0.05 gal $111.84 $5.59 $10.59 $8.25 $18.84 $2.35 3.75 0.5 2.40 4.28 1.92 3.42
Asana XL .66EC $5.00 0.061 gal $127.78 $7.79 $12.79 $8.60 $21.39 $2.35 3.75 0.5 2.90 4.86 2.32 3.88
Dipel 10G $5.00 10 lb $1.31 $13.10 $18.10 $2.25 $20.35 $2.35 3.75 0.5 4.11 4.62 3.29 3.69
Dyfonate II 20g $5.00 5 lb $2.17 $10.85 $15.85 $11.52 $27.37 $2.35 3.75 0.5 3.60 6.21 2.88 4.97
Furadan 4F $5.00 0.25 gal $59.78 $14.95 $19.95 $10.76 $30.71 $2.35 3.75 0.5 4.53 6.97 3.62 5.57
Lorsban 4E $5.00 0.25 gal $45.56 $11.39 $16.39 $10.18 $26.57 $2.35 3.75 0.5 3.72 6.03 2.98 4.82
Lorsban 15G $5.00 5 lb $1.78 $8.90 $13.90 $9.44 $23.34 $2.35 3.75 0.5 3.15 5.30 2.52 4.24
Penncap-M $5.00 0.25 gal $21.99 $5.50 $10.50 $8.51 $19.01 $2.35 3.75 0.5 2.38 4.31 1.91 3.45
Pounce 1.5G $5.00 6.7 lb $1.16 $7.77 $12.77 $8.25 $21.02 $2.35 3.75 0.5 2.90 4.77 2.32 3.82
Pounce 3.2EC $5.00 0.03125 gal $178.89 $5.59 $10.59 $8.25 $18.84 $2.35 3.75 0.5 2.40 4.28 1.92 3.42

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Bean leaf beetle on full pod (R5-R6) soybeans

Insecticide Cost Rate Unit Cost / Unit Cost / A Total Insecticide Cost Environmental Cost Total Cost BLB / row-ft V BLB / row-ft DI BLB / row-ft K BLB / row-ft EIL BLB / row-ft EEIL BLB / row - ft ET BLB / row - ft EET
Ambush 2E $5.00 0.025 gal $111.84 $2.80 $7.80 $8.25 $16.05 $5.00 0.197 0.9 8.79 18.10 7.04 14.48
Asana XL .66EC $5.00 0.0375 gal $127.78 $4.79 $9.79 $8.60 $18.39 $5.00 0.197 0.9 11.05 20.75 8.84 16.60
Cygon 400 $5.00 0.125 gal $29.39 $3.67 $8.67 $8.53 $17.20 $5.00 0.197 0.9 9.78 19.41 7.83 15.53
Lannate 1.8L $5.00 0.125 gal $41.67 $5.21 $10.21 $11.14 $21.35 $5.00 0.197 0.9 11.52 24.08 9.21 19.27
Lorsban 4E $5.00 0.125 gal $45.56 $5.70 $10.70 $10.18 $20.88 $5.00 0.197 0.9 12.06 23.55 9.65 18.84
Orthene 75S $5.00 0.67 lb $11.00 $7.37 $12.37 6.14 $18.51 $5.00 0.197 0.9 13.95 20.88 11.16 16.70
Penncap-M $5.00 0.25 gal $21.99 $5.50 $10.50 $8.51 $19.01 $5.00 0.197 0.9 11.84 21.44 9.47 17.15
Pounce 3.2EC $5.00 0.015625 gal $178.89 $2.80 $7.80 $8.25 $16.05 $5.00 0.197 0.9 8.79 18.10 7.03 14.48
Sevin XLR+ $5.00 0.125 gal $24.31 $3.04 $8.04 $7.67 $15.71 $5.00 0.197 0.9 9.07 17.72 7.25 14.18

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Potato Leafhopper on Alfalfa: Based on Dry Wt. (Biomass) Losses

Insecticide Application Cost Rate Unit Cost / Unit Cost / A Total Insecticide Cost Environmental Cost Total Cost PLH / sq mV PLH / sq m DI PLH / sq m K PLH / sq m EIL PLH / sq m EEIL PLH / sq m ET PLH / sq m EET
Ambush 2E $5.00 0.025 gal $111.84 $2.80 $7.80 $8.25 $16.05 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 39.91 82.15 1.29 2.66
Cygon 400 $5.00 0.0625 gal $29.39 $1.84 $6.84 $8.53 $15.37 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 35.00 78.67 1.14 2.55
Dylox 80SP $5.00 0.07812 gal $7.65 $0.60 $5.60 $10.23 $15.83 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 28.66 81.03 0.93 2.63
Furadan 4F $5.00 0.125 gal $59.78 $7.47 $12.47 $10.76 $23.23 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 63.85 118.94 2.07 3.86
Lorsban 4E $5.00 0.125 gal $45.56 $5.70 $10.70 $10.18 $20.88 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 54.75 106.87 1.78 3.47
Penncap-M $5.00 0.25 gal $21.99 $5.50 $10.50 $8.51 $19.01 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 53.74 97.31 1.74 3.16
Pounce 3.2EC $5.00 0.015625 gal $178.89 $2.80 $7.80 $8.25 $16.05 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 39.91 82.14 1.29 2.66
Sevin XLR+ $5.00 0.25 gal $24.31 $6.08 $11.08 $7.67 $18.75 $65.00 0.003339 0.9 56.71 95.98 1.84 3.11
  • Data for European corn borer EIL from Showers et al. 1989. European corn borer development and management. NC Reg. Extn. Pub. No. 327.
  • Data for bean leaf beetle EIL from Smelser 1990. Phenology, herbivory, and bioeconomics of the bean leaf beetle on soybean. PH.D. Diss. ISU, Ames, IA
  • Data for potato leafhopper EIL from Hutchins and Pedigo. 1990. JEE 83:1587-1594.

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